The Chapter About نَوَاقِض الْوُضُوءِ (the Things That Nullify Wuḍuu’ [Minor Ablution]) from Matn Al Ashmaawiyyah

The Chapter About نَوَاقِض الْوُضُوءِ (the Things That Nullify Wuḍuu’ [Minor Ablution])

اعْـلَمْ (Know) – وَفََّـقَكَ‮ ‬اللَّهُ (May Allah, Exalted is He grant you success),أَنَّ نَـوَاقِـضَ‮ ‬الْـوُضُـوء (that the things which nullify wuḍuu’) عَـلَى قِـسْمَيْـنِ (are of two types): أَحْـدَاث (impurities) and وَأَسْـبابُ‮ ‬أحْـدَاث (that which causes impurities).

فَـأَمَّا أَحْـدَاث (As for impurities), فَخَـمْسَةٌ (they are five kinds): ثَـلاَثةٌ‮ ‬مِـنْ‮ ‬الْـقُبُلِ (three are from  the front of the body) وَهِـيَ (and they are): الْـمَذْيُ (prostatic fluid), وَالْـوَديُ (a thick white fluid which flows out immediately after urine)  وَالْـبَوْل (and urine); وَاثْـنَانِ (and two are) مِـنَ‮ ‬الدُّبْـر‮ ‬(from the rear of the body) وَهُمَا (and they are): الغَائِطُ (faeces)  وَالرِّيحُ (and gas) .

وَأَمَّا أَسبابُ‮ ‬الأَحْـدَاثِ (As for the causes of impurity), فَـالنَّوم (it is sleep),  وَهُوَ‮ ‬عَـلَى أَرْبَـعةِ‮ ‬أَقْـسَامٍ (which is of four kinds): طَـوِيل ثَـقِيل (long heavy sleep) which يَـنْقُضُ‮ ‬الْـوُضُـوءَ (nullifies wuḍuu’), قَـصِير ثَـقِِيل (short heavy sleep) which يَـنْقُضُ‮ ‬الْـوُضُـوءَ (nullifies wuḍuu’) also,  قَـصِير خَـفِيف (short light sleep) which  لَا‮ ‬يَـنْقُضُ‮ ‬الْـوُضُـوءَ‮ ‬(does not nullify wuḍuu’), and طَـوِيل خَفِيف (long light sleep) for which يَسْتَحَبُّ‮ ‬مِنْهُ‮ ‬الْوُضُوءُ (wuḍuu’ is recommended).

وَمِـنَ‮ ‬الأَسبَابُ (Among the other causes of impurity)  تَـنْـقُضُ (which nullify wuduu’) are: زَوَال الْـعَقْل (the loss of one’s senses)  بِـالْـجُنُون‮ ‬(through insanity), وَالإِغْـمَاء (unconsciousness), وَالسُّّكْر (drunkenness). وَيَـنْقُضُ‮ ‬الْـوُضُـوءَ (Wuḍuu’ is also nullified)  بِـالرِّدَّةِ (by apostasy from Islam) and وَشَـكّ‮ ‬فِـي‮ ‬الْـحَـدِث (doubt as to whether or not one is in a state of impurity); and by وَبِـمَـسِّ‮ ‬الذَّكْـرِ‮ ‬(continuously touching the penis) بِـبَاطِـنِ‮ ‬الْـكَفِّ (with the inside of the palm) or بِـبَاطِـنِ‮ ‬الأَصَابِعِ (by the inside of the fingers) or بِـجَـنْبَيْهِمَا (by the sides of the palms and the finger),  وَلَوْ‮ ‬بِـأَصْـبُعِ‮ ‬زَائِـدِ (although a single finger can be enough) إِنْ‮ ‬حَـسَّ‮ ‬وَبِاللَّمْسِ (if it touches the penis).

وَهُـوَ‮ ‬عَـلَى أَرْبَـعَةِ‮ ‬أَقْـسَامٍ (Touching involve four situations): (1)  إِنْ‮ ‬قَـصَدَ‮ ‬اللَّذَّةَ (when one sets out to derive pleasure) وَوَجَـدَهَـا (and finds it), فَـعَلَيْهِ‮ ‬الْوُضُوءُ (he should perform wuḍuu’); (2)  وَإِنْ‮ ‬وَجَـدَهَـا (if one finds pleasure), وَلَـمْ‮ ‬يَـقَْـصِدْهَا (but it was not his original intention to derive it), فَـعَلَيْهِ‮ ‬الْـوُضُـوءُ (he should perform wuḍuu’);  (3)  وَإِنْ‮ ‬قََـصَدَهَـا (if he set out to derive pleasure), وَلَـمْ‮ ‬يَجِـدْهَـا (but he did not find it), فَـعَلَيْهِ‮ ‬الْـوُضُـوءُ (he should perform wuḍuu’); (4) وَإِنْ‮ ‬لَـمْ‮ ‬يَـقَْـصِدْ‮ ‬اللَّذَّةَ (if he did not set out to derive pleasure) وَلَـمْ‮ ‬يَجِـدْهَـا (and he did not receive any pleasure), فَـلاَ‮ ‬وُضُـوءَ عَـلَيْهِ‮ ‬ (he need not perform wuḍuu’);

وَلاَ‮ ‬يُـنْتَقِضُ‮ ‬الْـوُضُـوءُ (Wuḍuu’ does not become nullified) بِـمَـسِّ‮ ‬الدُّبْرِ (by touching the rear end of the body),  وَلاَ‮ ‬أُنْـثَيَيْـن (nor the testicles) ,  وَلاَ‮ ‬فَـرْج صَـغِيرَة (nor the opening of the vagina of a small girl),  وَلاَ‮ ‬قَـيْء (nor vomiting) , وَلاَ‮ ‬بِـأَكْـلِ‮ ‬لَـحْـمِ‮ ‬جَـزُور (nor by eating camel meat) ,  وَلاَ‮ ‬حِـجَامَـة (nor cupping),  وَلاَ‮ ‬قَـصْد (nor a venesection),  وَلاَ‮ ‬قَـهْقَهَة فِـي‮ ‬الصّلاَة‮ ‬(nor laughing in prayer),  وَلاَ‮ ‬بِـمَـسِّ‮ ‬امْـرَأةِ‮ ‬فَـرْجَـهَا‮ ‬ (nor a woman touching her vagina). وَقِـيلَ (It  is  said),  إِنْ‮ ‬أَلْـطَفَتْ (if the vagina is fondled), فَـعَلَيْهَا الْـوُضُـوءُ (she should perform wuḍuu’), وَاللَّهُ‮ ‬أَعْـلَمُ (Allah is the Best Knower).

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3 CommentsLeave a comment

  1. As salamu ‘alaykum wa rahmatu Llah ! Barak Allahu fikum for this great translation of this beautiful book. I noticed that the posted chapters 1 and 2 are similar, i think this is maybe an error of posting ?


    • As-Salaamu Alaykum,

      Jaala-l-laahu Khayran . The post error that you observed has been rectified. The correct chapter 2 can now be viewed.


      Abu Modibbo


  2. Wa ‘alaykum salam barak Allahu fikum !


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