The Obligatory Actions of Wuḍuu’ from Matn al ʿIzziyah

The Obligatory Actions of Wuḍuu’

فصل – Section:

فَـرَائِـضُ‮ ‬الوُضُـوء (The obligatory actions of wuḍuu’) سَـبْعَةٌ (are seven):   الأُولىَى النِّيَّةُ (The first obligation is the intention); وَهِـيَ‮ ‬القَصْدُ‮ ‬بِـالْـقَلْبِ‮ ‬(it is the intention with the heart), فَيَنْوِي‮ ‬بِـالْـقَلْبِ (and so he [the worshiper] intends with his heart) عِـنْدَ‮ ‬غسْلِ‮ ‬وَجْهِهِ (to wash his face) فَرْضَ‮ ‬الْوُضُوءِ (as an obligatory action of wuḍuu’), أَوْ‮ ‬رَفْـعَ‮ ‬الـحَـدَثِ (or to remove the impurities) أَوِ‮ ‬اسْـتِبَاحَـةِ‮ ‬مَـا‮ ‬(or to make permissible) كَـانَ‮ ‬الْـحَـدَثُ‮ ‬مَـانِـعًا مِـنْهُ (what the impurity prevented from being performed).

الثَّانِـيَّةُ‮ ‬غَسْـلُ‮ ‬جَـمِيعِ‮ ‬الوَجْـحِ (The second obligation is to wash the entire face) وَحَدَّهُ‮ ‬طُولاً‮ ‬ (and its limits lengthwise), مِـنْ‮ ‬مَـنَابِـت شَعْرِ‮ ‬الرَّأْسِ‮ ‬الـمُتَادِ‮ ‬(from the roots of the hair of the normal head), إِلى آخِرِ‮ ‬الذَّقَـن‮ ‬(to end of the chin)‮ ‬وَعَرْضًا مَا بَيْنَ‮ ‬الأُذُنَـيْـن (and a span of what is between the two ears).‮ ‬وَيَـتَفَقَّدُ‮ ‬فِي‮ ‬غَسْلِهِ‮ ‬أَسَـارِير جَبْهَـتِه (The one performing wuḍuu’ should pay attention to the lines of his forehead during his washing).  وَهِـي‮ ‬التَّكَامِـشُ (They are the which part that becomes wrinkled) فِـي‮ ‬الْـجَبْهَـتِهِ (on the forehead). ‮ ‬وَظَـاهِـر الشَّفَتَيْـنِ (The outer part of the lips [are also included in the washings]), وَمَا بَـيْـنَ‮ ‬الـمِنْخَـرِينِ (and what is between the two nostrils), تَخْـلِيلُ‮ ‬شَـعْرِِ‮ ‬اللِّحْيَةِ‮ ‬الْـخَفِيفِ (as well as combing the fingers through the thin hairs of the beard),  وَغَسْـلُ‮ ‬مَـا طَـالَ‮  ‬ (and what grows long) مِن اللِّـحْيَةِ‮ ‬الْكَشِيفِ (from a thick beard).

اللثَّالِـثَةُ‮ ‬غَسْـلُ‮ ‬الْـيَدَينِ (The third obligation is to wash the hands) ‮ ‬مَعَ‮ ‬الـمَرْفَـقَيْـنِ (up to the elbows)  وَيَجِبُ‮ ‬تَخْـلِيلُ‮ ‬أَصَـابِـهِمَا (and combing between the fingers of both hands is also required).

الرَّابِـعَةُ‮ ‬مَسْحُ‮ ‬جَمِيعِ‮ ‬الرَّأْسِ (The fourth obligation is to wipe the entire head), وَ‮ ‬أَوَّلُهُ‮ ‬مِنْ‮ ‬مَبْدَإِ‮ ‬الْـوَجْـهِ (The wiping begins at the top of the face), وَآخِـرِهِ‮ ‬مُنْتَهَــى الـجُـمْجُمَة (and ends at the base of the skull).

وَمَـنْ‮ ‬تَـوَضَّأَ‮ ‬(Whoever performs (ritual ablution), ثُـمَّ‮ ‬قَـلَّمَ‮ ‬أَظَـافِرُهُ (then (trims) ‮ ‬أَوْ حَـلَقَ‮ ‬قَـرَأْسِـهِ (or cuts his hair), فَـإنَّهُ‮ ‬لاَ‮ ‬يُعِيدُ‮ ‬غَسْـلَ‮ ‬مَوْضِعِ‮ ‬التَّقْلِيمِ (shall not re-wash  the area that has been trimmed) وَلاَ‮ ‬مَـسْحَ‮ ‬الرَّأْسِ (nor repeat the wiping of the head). وَاخْـتِلَاف (There is  a difference of opinion however), إِذَا حَـلََقَ‮ ‬لِـحْـيَتِهِ (about if he cuts his beard)‮ ‬بَـعْدَ‮ ‬الْـوُضُـوِءِ (after performing ablution). فَـقِيلَ (It has been said [by some of the scholars]), يُـعِيدُ‮ ‬غَسْـلَ‮ ‬مَوْضِـعِهَا‮ ‬ (“he should re-wash the area”) وَقِيِلَ (and it is said [by others]), لاَ‮ ‬يُـعِيدُهُ (“he should not repeat it”).

الْـخَامِـسَةُ‮ ‬غَسْـلُ‮ ‬الرِّجْـلَيْـنِ (The fifth obligation is to wash both feet) مَـعَ‮ ‬الكَعْبَيْـنِ (along the ankles). وَهُـمَا العَظْمَانِ النَّاتِـئَانِ (The ankles are the two protruding bones) طَـرَفَـي‮ ‬السَّافَـيْـنِ (on the lower part of the legs).  ‮ ‬وَنَدِبَ‮ ‬تَـخْـلِيلُ‮ ‬أَصَـابِـهِمَا (combing between the toes of both of them [the feet] is also required).

السَّادِسَةُ‮ ‬الدَّلْـكُ (The sixth obligation is rubbing). وَهُـوَ‮ ‬إمْرَارُ‮ ‬الْيَدِ (It is the passing of the hand)  عَـلَى العُضْوِ (over the limb) مَـعَ‮ ‬الْـمَاءِ (with water). وَلاَ‮ ‬يُشْـتَرُط (It is not a requirement) مُقَارَنَتُهُ (that the rubbing of the limbs be accompanied) لِلصَّبِّ (by pouring water).

السَّابِـعَةُ‮ ‬الـمُوَالَاةُ (The seventh obligation is continuity of action). وَهَوَ‮ ‬أَنْ‮ ‬يَعْمَلَ‮ ‬الوُضُـوء كُـلِّهِ (It means: to perform all the parts of wuḍuu’), فِـي‮ ‬فَـوْرٍ‮ ‬وَاحِـدٍ (one directly behind the other) بِـغَيْرِ‮ ‬تَفْرِيقٍ‮ ‬مُـتَفَاحِـشٍ‮  ‬(without excessive breaks between each action) مَعَ‮ ‬الذِّكْـرِ‮ ‬وَ القَدْرَةِ (accompanied by mental capacity and physical capability).

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