(The Proper [Adaab] Manners for Urinating and Defecating from Matn al ʿIzziyah

صل – Section: آدابُ  قَـضَاء الحَـاجَـةِ (The Proper [Adaab] Manners for Urinating and Defecating)

آدابُ‮ ‬قَـضَاء الحَـاجَـةِ (The proper manners for urinating and defecating) أَرْبَـعَة عَشَـرَ (are fourteen matters):

الأَوَّلُ (the first):ذِكْـرُِ‮ ‬اللَّهِ‮ ‬ (is to remember Allah) عِـنْدَ‮ ‬إِرَادَةِ‮ ‬الدُّخُولِ (when one desires to enter) قَـبْلَ‮ ‬الوُصُـلِ‮ ‬إِلَـى مَـوْضِـعِ‮ ‬الأَذَى (but before arriving at the lavatory), فَـيَقُولُ (the person who intends to relieve himself should say):

بِسمِ‮ ‬اللهِ‮ ‬اللّهٍُم إنّي‮ ‬أعُوذُ‮ ‬بِك مِن الخُبُث وَالخَبَائث‮ ‬

“Oh Allah! I seek refuge in thee from impure deeds and evil habits.”

وَيَقُولُ‮ ‬بَعَدَ‮ ‬الْـخُرُوج مِنْهُ:

(and he says upon leaving from it):

غُفرَانَك‮ ‬َالحَمد‮ ‬ُللّه‮ ‬ِالّذِي‮ ‬أذهَب عنّي‮ ‬اَ‮ ‬ذَي‮ ‬وَعَافَانِي‮ ‬

“(Grant us) your forgiveness. Praise belongs to Allah who has removed from me noxiousness and has given me health.”

وَلاَ‮ ‬يَـجُوزُ (It is not permissible)  دُخُـولُ‮ ‬الخَـلاَء (to pass through the entrance of the toilet) بِشَيْءٍ (with anything) فِـيهِ‮ ‬ذِكْـرُ‮ ‬اللَّهِ‮ ‬تَعَالَـى (that has the Name of Allah the Most High mentioned on it), كَالخَاتَمِ (like the ring) وَالدِّرْهَمِ‮ ‬(and the dirham).وَلاَ‮ ‬يَـجُوزُ‮ ‬الإسْـتِنجَاءُ‮ ‬(nor is it permissible to perform istinjaa’) بِشَـيْءٍ (with anything)فِـيهِ‮ ‬ذِكْـرُ‮ ‬اللَّهِ‮ ‬تَـعَالَـى (that has the Name of Allah the Most High mentioned on it).

الثَّانِـيُّ (the second): أَنْ‮ ‬يُـقَدِّمَ (is to put forward)  رِجْلَهُ‮ ‬الْـيُسْــرَى (his left foot) فِي‮ ‬الدُّخُـولِ (to enter the toilet) وَاليُمنََى (and the the right foot).فِي‮ ‬الْـخُرُوجِ (to exit from it)

التَّالِـثُ (the third): أَنْ‮ ‬يَـقْضِيَ‮ ‬حَـاجَـتَهُ (is to urinate and defecate) وَهُوَ‮ ‬جَـالِـسٌ (while he is squatting / sitting).

الرَّابِعُ (the fourth): أَنْ‮ ‬يَُدِيمَ‮ ‬السّـترَ (is to continue to conceal his nakedness) حَتَّى‮ ‬يُدْنُوَ‮ ‬مِنَ‮ ‬الأَرضِ (until he is close to the ground).

الْـخَامِسُ (the fifth): أَنْ‮ ‬يَعتَمَدَ (to support his weight)  عَلَي‮ ‬رِجلِهِ‮ ‬اليُيسرَي (on his left leg).

السَّادِسُ‮ ‬إِلَى الرَّابُعِ‮ ‬عَشَرَ‮ ‬(the sixth to the fourteenth manner for one using the toilet is as follows):

السَّادِسُ (sixth) أَنْ‮ ‬يَفْرُجُ‮ ‬بَينَ‮ ‬فَخِـذَيْـهِ (to open his thighs),

السَّابِعُ‮ ‬(the seventh) أَنْ‮ ‬يَجْتَنِب الْـمَوضِعَ‮ ‬الصّلْبَ (to avoid the hard surface),

الثَّامِنُ‮ ‬(the eighth)وَمَاء الداّئم‮ ‬(and [to avoid] standing water),

التَاسِعُ‮ ‬(the ninth) وَأَنْ‮ ‬يُغطِي‮ ‬رَاسِهِ (to cover his head)

الْـعَاشِـرُ‮ ‬(the tenth) وَأَنْ‮ ‬لاَ‮ ‬يَـتَكَّلَمَ (and not to speak) إِلاَّ لِِـمُهِم (except for something important),‮  ‬كَخَوْفِ‮ ‬فَوَاتِ‮ ‬نَفْسٍ (like fear of death) وَمَالٍ (or loss of property)

الحادي‮ ‬عَشَـرَ‮ ‬(the eleventh) وَأَنْ‮ ‬يَـتَّقِيَ (to avoid relieving oneself) الرِيحَ (in the direction of the wind) وَالْـجُحْـرَ (and the animal’s hole), وَالْـمَلاَعِنَ‮ ‬الثَّلاَثَ (as well as three detested places) وَهِيَ  (and they are):  جُـلُوسِ‮ ‬النّاس (where people sit), وَطَـرُوقَاتُهُمْ (the paths they walk on) وَمَوْرِدُهُمٌ (and their watering places)

إِثْنَا عَشَـرَ (the twelfth) وَأَنْ‮ ‬يَسْـتَتِرَ (to screen himself) عَنْ‮ ‬أَعْـيُـنِ‮ ‬النَّاسِ (from the eyes of people)

ثِـالثُ‮ ‬عَشَرَ (the thirteenth) وَأَنْ‮ ‬يَـبْعُدَ (to go a distance) عَنْ‮ ‬مُسَامِهِمْ (from where they can hear him) إِذَا كَانَ‮ ‬فِي‮ ‬القَضَاءِ‮ ‬ (when he is urinating and defecating),

الرَّابَِـعُ‮ ‬عَشَـرَ (the fourteenth) وَأَنْ‮ ‬لاَ‮ ‬يَـقْبِلَ‮ ‬الْقِبْلَةِ‮ ‬(and not to face the qiblah) وَلاَ‮ ‬ىَسْتَدْبِرَهَا (or turn his back to it) إِذَا كَـانَ‮ ‬فِـي‮ ‬القَضَاءِ‮ ‬ (when he is urinating and defecating), وَلَـمْ‮ ‬يَـكُنْ‮ ‬فيهَا سَـاتِـرٌ (when there isn’t a screen in front of the qiblah)‮ ‬فَإِنْ‮ ‬كَـانَ‮ ‬فِـيهِ‮ ‬سَـاتِـر(or when there is a screen in front of it).

فَـفِى مَـنْعِهِ (In regards to the prohibition of using the toilet in the direction of the qiblah), قَـولان (there are two opinions). وَأَمَّا فَـعْلُهُ‮ ‬فِـي‮ ‬الْـمَنْزِلِ (As for urinating and defecating in the house), فَـيَجُوزُ‮ ‬مُـطْلَقًا (it is allowed without restriction). أَعْـنِي (That is to say), سَـوَاءٌ‮ ‬كَـانَ‮ ‬هُـنَاكَ‮ ‬سَـاتِـرٌ (whether there is a screen ) أَمْ‮ ‬لاَ (or not)  كَـانَ‮ ‬هُـنَاكَ مَـشْقَّةٌ‮ ‬(or whether there is difficulty) أَمْ‮ ‬لاَ (or not).

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 Recitation of Matn Al īzziyyah click link: Audio

Published in: on December 22, 2010 at 12:50  Leave a Comment  

الإسْـتِنجَاءُ ([Istinjaa’] Cleansing Oneself of Impurity), الاِسْـتِبْرَاءُ ([Istibraa’] Ridding Oneself of Impurity) from Matn al ʿIzziyah

فصل – Section:

الإسْـتِنجَاءُ ([Istinjaa’] Cleansing Oneself of Impurity) and الاِسْـتِبْرَاءُ ([Istibraa’] Ridding Oneself of Impurity)

الإسْـتِنجَاءُ‮ ‬([Istinjaa’] cleansing oneself of impurity) وَاجِـبٌ (is an obligation). وَهُـوَ‮ ‬غسْـلُ‮ ‬مَـوْضُـعِ‮ ‬الْـحَـدَتِ (It is washing the an area where there is impurity) بِـالْـمَاِ (with water). وَيُسْـتَـنْجَى (Istinjaa’ is performed) مِـنْ‮ ‬كُـلِّ‮ ‬مَـا‮ ‬يُـخْـرُجُ (because of what comes out) مِـنَ‮ ‬الْـمَخْـرَجَيْـنِ (of the two opening) مُـعْتَادًا (normally),سِـوَيَ‮ ‬الرٌيحِ‮ ‬(with the exception of gas).وَصِـفَتُهُ‮ ‬(Its characteristics are):أَنْ‮ ‬يَبدَأَ‮ ‬ (to begin) بِغُسْلِ‮ ‬يَدِهِ‮ ‬الْيُسْرَى (by washing the left hand) قَبْلَ‮ ‬مُـلاَ‮ ‬قَـاتِـهَا الاَذَي‮ ‬(before touching the anus) ثُمَّ‮ ‬بِغُسْلِ‮ ‬مَحَـلٌ‮ ‬البَول‮ ‬(then washing the penis, ثُمَّ‮ ‬يَـنْتَقِلُ‮ ‬إِلَى مَحَـلٌ‮ ‬الغًائِطِ‮ ‬(and then go to  the anus) وَيَـصُبُّ‮ ‬الْـمَاءَ‮ ‬عَلَى‮ ‬يَدِهِ‮ ‬ (while pouring water on the hand), غَـاسِـلاً‮ ‬بِـهَا الْـمَحَـلَّ‮ ‬(washing the area with it) وَيَسْـتَرْخِـي‮ ‬قَـلِيلاً (while relaxing the anus a little). وَيُـجِيدُ‮ ‬الْـعَـرْكَ (and he should rub that area well) حَـتٌي‮ ‬ينْقِيَ‮ ‬الـمَحَـلَّ (until it cleans the area). ثُـمَّ‮ ‬يَغْسِـلُ‮ ‬يَـدِهِ‮ ‬بَـعْدَ‮ ‬ذَالِـكَ (He should clean his hand after that) بِـالتُّرَابِ (with pure earth) وَنَـحْوِهِ‮ ‬(and things which are similar to that).

الاِسْـتِبْرَاءُ‮ ‬وَاجِـبٌ (ridding oneself of [all] impurity is a requirement). وَهُـوَ‮ ‬اسْـتِفْرَاغُ‮ ‬ (It is the action of emptying) مَـا فِـي‮ ‬الْـمَخْـرَجَـيْـنِ (the two openings مِـنَ‮ ‬الأَذَى (of noxious matter) وَصِـفَتُهُ‮ ‬مِـنَ‮ ‬الْـبَولِ (Its characteristics in regards to urinating is) أَنْ‮ ‬يَـجَعَلَ‮ ‬ذَكَـرَه (that the one who is performing istibraa’ places his penis) بَـيـْنَ‮ ‬أُصْـبُعَيْهِ‮ ‬السَّبَابَِـةِ‮ ‬وَالإبْـهَامِ (between his index finger and thumb), فَيُمِرُّهُمَا (and he should pass them) مِـنْ أَصلِهِ (from the base of the penis)  إِلَى بُسرَتِـهِ  (to the head of the penis) وَيَـنْتُرَهُ (while holding it),‮ ‬يَـفْعَلُ‮ ‬ذَالِكَ‮ ‬ثَـلاَتَ‮ ‬مَرَّات(he does that three times) بِـخِفَّةِ‮ ‬فِي‮ ‬السَّلْتِ‮ ‬وَالكَـتْرِ (lightly stroking and handling it). وَيَجِبُ‮ ‬غَسْلَ‮ ‬الذَّكَرِ‮ ‬كُلِّهِ‮ ‬ (It becomes necessary to wash the entire penis) لِـخُرُوجِ‮ ‬الـمَذْيِ (because of discharging sperm). وَفِي‮ ‬وُجوبِ‮ ‬النِّيَّةِ (Concerning the necessity to make intention) فِـي‮ ‬غَسْـلِِهِ (to wash the private parts), قَولان (there are two opinions).

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 Recitation of Matn Al īzziyyah click link: Audio

Published in: on December 22, 2010 at 12:45  Leave a Comment  
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