(The Proper [Adaab] Manners for Urinating and Defecating from Matn al ʿIzziyah

صل – Section: آدابُ  قَـضَاء الحَـاجَـةِ (The Proper [Adaab] Manners for Urinating and Defecating)

آدابُ‮ ‬قَـضَاء الحَـاجَـةِ (The proper manners for urinating and defecating) أَرْبَـعَة عَشَـرَ (are fourteen matters):

الأَوَّلُ (the first):ذِكْـرُِ‮ ‬اللَّهِ‮ ‬ (is to remember Allah) عِـنْدَ‮ ‬إِرَادَةِ‮ ‬الدُّخُولِ (when one desires to enter) قَـبْلَ‮ ‬الوُصُـلِ‮ ‬إِلَـى مَـوْضِـعِ‮ ‬الأَذَى (but before arriving at the lavatory), فَـيَقُولُ (the person who intends to relieve himself should say):

بِسمِ‮ ‬اللهِ‮ ‬اللّهٍُم إنّي‮ ‬أعُوذُ‮ ‬بِك مِن الخُبُث وَالخَبَائث‮ ‬

“Oh Allah! I seek refuge in thee from impure deeds and evil habits.”

وَيَقُولُ‮ ‬بَعَدَ‮ ‬الْـخُرُوج مِنْهُ:

(and he says upon leaving from it):

غُفرَانَك‮ ‬َالحَمد‮ ‬ُللّه‮ ‬ِالّذِي‮ ‬أذهَب عنّي‮ ‬اَ‮ ‬ذَي‮ ‬وَعَافَانِي‮ ‬

“(Grant us) your forgiveness. Praise belongs to Allah who has removed from me noxiousness and has given me health.”

وَلاَ‮ ‬يَـجُوزُ (It is not permissible)  دُخُـولُ‮ ‬الخَـلاَء (to pass through the entrance of the toilet) بِشَيْءٍ (with anything) فِـيهِ‮ ‬ذِكْـرُ‮ ‬اللَّهِ‮ ‬تَعَالَـى (that has the Name of Allah the Most High mentioned on it), كَالخَاتَمِ (like the ring) وَالدِّرْهَمِ‮ ‬(and the dirham).وَلاَ‮ ‬يَـجُوزُ‮ ‬الإسْـتِنجَاءُ‮ ‬(nor is it permissible to perform istinjaa’) بِشَـيْءٍ (with anything)فِـيهِ‮ ‬ذِكْـرُ‮ ‬اللَّهِ‮ ‬تَـعَالَـى (that has the Name of Allah the Most High mentioned on it).

الثَّانِـيُّ (the second): أَنْ‮ ‬يُـقَدِّمَ (is to put forward)  رِجْلَهُ‮ ‬الْـيُسْــرَى (his left foot) فِي‮ ‬الدُّخُـولِ (to enter the toilet) وَاليُمنََى (and the the right foot).فِي‮ ‬الْـخُرُوجِ (to exit from it)

التَّالِـثُ (the third): أَنْ‮ ‬يَـقْضِيَ‮ ‬حَـاجَـتَهُ (is to urinate and defecate) وَهُوَ‮ ‬جَـالِـسٌ (while he is squatting / sitting).

الرَّابِعُ (the fourth): أَنْ‮ ‬يَُدِيمَ‮ ‬السّـترَ (is to continue to conceal his nakedness) حَتَّى‮ ‬يُدْنُوَ‮ ‬مِنَ‮ ‬الأَرضِ (until he is close to the ground).

الْـخَامِسُ (the fifth): أَنْ‮ ‬يَعتَمَدَ (to support his weight)  عَلَي‮ ‬رِجلِهِ‮ ‬اليُيسرَي (on his left leg).

السَّادِسُ‮ ‬إِلَى الرَّابُعِ‮ ‬عَشَرَ‮ ‬(the sixth to the fourteenth manner for one using the toilet is as follows):

السَّادِسُ (sixth) أَنْ‮ ‬يَفْرُجُ‮ ‬بَينَ‮ ‬فَخِـذَيْـهِ (to open his thighs),

السَّابِعُ‮ ‬(the seventh) أَنْ‮ ‬يَجْتَنِب الْـمَوضِعَ‮ ‬الصّلْبَ (to avoid the hard surface),

الثَّامِنُ‮ ‬(the eighth)وَمَاء الداّئم‮ ‬(and [to avoid] standing water),

التَاسِعُ‮ ‬(the ninth) وَأَنْ‮ ‬يُغطِي‮ ‬رَاسِهِ (to cover his head)

الْـعَاشِـرُ‮ ‬(the tenth) وَأَنْ‮ ‬لاَ‮ ‬يَـتَكَّلَمَ (and not to speak) إِلاَّ لِِـمُهِم (except for something important),‮  ‬كَخَوْفِ‮ ‬فَوَاتِ‮ ‬نَفْسٍ (like fear of death) وَمَالٍ (or loss of property)

الحادي‮ ‬عَشَـرَ‮ ‬(the eleventh) وَأَنْ‮ ‬يَـتَّقِيَ (to avoid relieving oneself) الرِيحَ (in the direction of the wind) وَالْـجُحْـرَ (and the animal’s hole), وَالْـمَلاَعِنَ‮ ‬الثَّلاَثَ (as well as three detested places) وَهِيَ  (and they are):  جُـلُوسِ‮ ‬النّاس (where people sit), وَطَـرُوقَاتُهُمْ (the paths they walk on) وَمَوْرِدُهُمٌ (and their watering places)

إِثْنَا عَشَـرَ (the twelfth) وَأَنْ‮ ‬يَسْـتَتِرَ (to screen himself) عَنْ‮ ‬أَعْـيُـنِ‮ ‬النَّاسِ (from the eyes of people)

ثِـالثُ‮ ‬عَشَرَ (the thirteenth) وَأَنْ‮ ‬يَـبْعُدَ (to go a distance) عَنْ‮ ‬مُسَامِهِمْ (from where they can hear him) إِذَا كَانَ‮ ‬فِي‮ ‬القَضَاءِ‮ ‬ (when he is urinating and defecating),

الرَّابَِـعُ‮ ‬عَشَـرَ (the fourteenth) وَأَنْ‮ ‬لاَ‮ ‬يَـقْبِلَ‮ ‬الْقِبْلَةِ‮ ‬(and not to face the qiblah) وَلاَ‮ ‬ىَسْتَدْبِرَهَا (or turn his back to it) إِذَا كَـانَ‮ ‬فِـي‮ ‬القَضَاءِ‮ ‬ (when he is urinating and defecating), وَلَـمْ‮ ‬يَـكُنْ‮ ‬فيهَا سَـاتِـرٌ (when there isn’t a screen in front of the qiblah)‮ ‬فَإِنْ‮ ‬كَـانَ‮ ‬فِـيهِ‮ ‬سَـاتِـر(or when there is a screen in front of it).

فَـفِى مَـنْعِهِ (In regards to the prohibition of using the toilet in the direction of the qiblah), قَـولان (there are two opinions). وَأَمَّا فَـعْلُهُ‮ ‬فِـي‮ ‬الْـمَنْزِلِ (As for urinating and defecating in the house), فَـيَجُوزُ‮ ‬مُـطْلَقًا (it is allowed without restriction). أَعْـنِي (That is to say), سَـوَاءٌ‮ ‬كَـانَ‮ ‬هُـنَاكَ‮ ‬سَـاتِـرٌ (whether there is a screen ) أَمْ‮ ‬لاَ (or not)  كَـانَ‮ ‬هُـنَاكَ مَـشْقَّةٌ‮ ‬(or whether there is difficulty) أَمْ‮ ‬لاَ (or not).

Get full Arabic text by clicking on link: Arabic Text

 Recitation of Matn Al īzziyyah click link: Audio

Published in: on December 22, 2010 at 12:50  Leave a Comment  

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