(The Proper [Adaab] Manners for Urinating and Defecating from Matn al ʿIzziyah

صل – Section: آدابُ  قَـضَاء الحَـاجَـةِ (The Proper [Adaab] Manners for Urinating and Defecating)

آدابُ‮ ‬قَـضَاء الحَـاجَـةِ (The proper manners for urinating and defecating) أَرْبَـعَة عَشَـرَ (are fourteen matters):

الأَوَّلُ (the first):ذِكْـرُِ‮ ‬اللَّهِ‮ ‬ (is to remember Allah) عِـنْدَ‮ ‬إِرَادَةِ‮ ‬الدُّخُولِ (when one desires to enter) قَـبْلَ‮ ‬الوُصُـلِ‮ ‬إِلَـى مَـوْضِـعِ‮ ‬الأَذَى (but before arriving at the lavatory), فَـيَقُولُ (the person who intends to relieve himself should say):

بِسمِ‮ ‬اللهِ‮ ‬اللّهٍُم إنّي‮ ‬أعُوذُ‮ ‬بِك مِن الخُبُث وَالخَبَائث‮ ‬

“Oh Allah! I seek refuge in thee from impure deeds and evil habits.”

وَيَقُولُ‮ ‬بَعَدَ‮ ‬الْـخُرُوج مِنْهُ:

(and he says upon leaving from it):

غُفرَانَك‮ ‬َالحَمد‮ ‬ُللّه‮ ‬ِالّذِي‮ ‬أذهَب عنّي‮ ‬اَ‮ ‬ذَي‮ ‬وَعَافَانِي‮ ‬

“(Grant us) your forgiveness. Praise belongs to Allah who has removed from me noxiousness and has given me health.”

وَلاَ‮ ‬يَـجُوزُ (It is not permissible)  دُخُـولُ‮ ‬الخَـلاَء (to pass through the entrance of the toilet) بِشَيْءٍ (with anything) فِـيهِ‮ ‬ذِكْـرُ‮ ‬اللَّهِ‮ ‬تَعَالَـى (that has the Name of Allah the Most High mentioned on it), كَالخَاتَمِ (like the ring) وَالدِّرْهَمِ‮ ‬(and the dirham).وَلاَ‮ ‬يَـجُوزُ‮ ‬الإسْـتِنجَاءُ‮ ‬(nor is it permissible to perform istinjaa’) بِشَـيْءٍ (with anything)فِـيهِ‮ ‬ذِكْـرُ‮ ‬اللَّهِ‮ ‬تَـعَالَـى (that has the Name of Allah the Most High mentioned on it).

الثَّانِـيُّ (the second): أَنْ‮ ‬يُـقَدِّمَ (is to put forward)  رِجْلَهُ‮ ‬الْـيُسْــرَى (his left foot) فِي‮ ‬الدُّخُـولِ (to enter the toilet) وَاليُمنََى (and the the right foot).فِي‮ ‬الْـخُرُوجِ (to exit from it)

التَّالِـثُ (the third): أَنْ‮ ‬يَـقْضِيَ‮ ‬حَـاجَـتَهُ (is to urinate and defecate) وَهُوَ‮ ‬جَـالِـسٌ (while he is squatting / sitting).

الرَّابِعُ (the fourth): أَنْ‮ ‬يَُدِيمَ‮ ‬السّـترَ (is to continue to conceal his nakedness) حَتَّى‮ ‬يُدْنُوَ‮ ‬مِنَ‮ ‬الأَرضِ (until he is close to the ground).

الْـخَامِسُ (the fifth): أَنْ‮ ‬يَعتَمَدَ (to support his weight)  عَلَي‮ ‬رِجلِهِ‮ ‬اليُيسرَي (on his left leg).

السَّادِسُ‮ ‬إِلَى الرَّابُعِ‮ ‬عَشَرَ‮ ‬(the sixth to the fourteenth manner for one using the toilet is as follows):

السَّادِسُ (sixth) أَنْ‮ ‬يَفْرُجُ‮ ‬بَينَ‮ ‬فَخِـذَيْـهِ (to open his thighs),

السَّابِعُ‮ ‬(the seventh) أَنْ‮ ‬يَجْتَنِب الْـمَوضِعَ‮ ‬الصّلْبَ (to avoid the hard surface),

الثَّامِنُ‮ ‬(the eighth)وَمَاء الداّئم‮ ‬(and [to avoid] standing water),

التَاسِعُ‮ ‬(the ninth) وَأَنْ‮ ‬يُغطِي‮ ‬رَاسِهِ (to cover his head)

الْـعَاشِـرُ‮ ‬(the tenth) وَأَنْ‮ ‬لاَ‮ ‬يَـتَكَّلَمَ (and not to speak) إِلاَّ لِِـمُهِم (except for something important),‮  ‬كَخَوْفِ‮ ‬فَوَاتِ‮ ‬نَفْسٍ (like fear of death) وَمَالٍ (or loss of property)

الحادي‮ ‬عَشَـرَ‮ ‬(the eleventh) وَأَنْ‮ ‬يَـتَّقِيَ (to avoid relieving oneself) الرِيحَ (in the direction of the wind) وَالْـجُحْـرَ (and the animal’s hole), وَالْـمَلاَعِنَ‮ ‬الثَّلاَثَ (as well as three detested places) وَهِيَ  (and they are):  جُـلُوسِ‮ ‬النّاس (where people sit), وَطَـرُوقَاتُهُمْ (the paths they walk on) وَمَوْرِدُهُمٌ (and their watering places)

إِثْنَا عَشَـرَ (the twelfth) وَأَنْ‮ ‬يَسْـتَتِرَ (to screen himself) عَنْ‮ ‬أَعْـيُـنِ‮ ‬النَّاسِ (from the eyes of people)

ثِـالثُ‮ ‬عَشَرَ (the thirteenth) وَأَنْ‮ ‬يَـبْعُدَ (to go a distance) عَنْ‮ ‬مُسَامِهِمْ (from where they can hear him) إِذَا كَانَ‮ ‬فِي‮ ‬القَضَاءِ‮ ‬ (when he is urinating and defecating),

الرَّابَِـعُ‮ ‬عَشَـرَ (the fourteenth) وَأَنْ‮ ‬لاَ‮ ‬يَـقْبِلَ‮ ‬الْقِبْلَةِ‮ ‬(and not to face the qiblah) وَلاَ‮ ‬ىَسْتَدْبِرَهَا (or turn his back to it) إِذَا كَـانَ‮ ‬فِـي‮ ‬القَضَاءِ‮ ‬ (when he is urinating and defecating), وَلَـمْ‮ ‬يَـكُنْ‮ ‬فيهَا سَـاتِـرٌ (when there isn’t a screen in front of the qiblah)‮ ‬فَإِنْ‮ ‬كَـانَ‮ ‬فِـيهِ‮ ‬سَـاتِـر(or when there is a screen in front of it).

فَـفِى مَـنْعِهِ (In regards to the prohibition of using the toilet in the direction of the qiblah), قَـولان (there are two opinions). وَأَمَّا فَـعْلُهُ‮ ‬فِـي‮ ‬الْـمَنْزِلِ (As for urinating and defecating in the house), فَـيَجُوزُ‮ ‬مُـطْلَقًا (it is allowed without restriction). أَعْـنِي (That is to say), سَـوَاءٌ‮ ‬كَـانَ‮ ‬هُـنَاكَ‮ ‬سَـاتِـرٌ (whether there is a screen ) أَمْ‮ ‬لاَ (or not)  كَـانَ‮ ‬هُـنَاكَ مَـشْقَّةٌ‮ ‬(or whether there is difficulty) أَمْ‮ ‬لاَ (or not).

10. نَوَاقِضُ الوُضُوء (The Nullification of Wuḍuu’) from Matn al ʿIzziyah

11. The Things That Make Ghusl [Major Ablution] Necessary from Matn al ʿIzziyah

12. التَّيَمُّمُ at-Tayammum (Dry ablution) from Matn al ʿIzziyyah

13. فَصْلٌ فِي الْـمَسْحِ عَلَى الْـخُفَّيْـنِ (Wiping over the Leather Socks) from Matn al ʿIzziyah

14. الْـحَيْضُ (The Blood of Menstruation) and النَّفَاسُ (The Blood of Parturition [Childbirth]) from Matn al ʿIzziyah

Chapter 2 – Concerning الصَّلاةِ (Prayer) – Section:

  1. الصَّلاَةُ‮ ‬الْـمَفْرُوضةُ‮ ‬ (The Obligatory Prayers) from Matnu-l-ʿIzziyah

This is not the complete text, but rather, its a work in progress. In shaa’a-l-laah, there will be more sections add over time.  

Get full Arabic text by clicking on link: Arabic Text

 Explanation of Matn Al īzziyyah click link: Audio

 

Published in: on December 22, 2010 at 12:50  Leave a Comment  

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