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From the History of the Mālikīs – 2 How the Mālikī School of Law Spread

From the History of the Mālikīs 

2 How the Mālikī School of Law Spread

Part One: The Initial Spread of the Mālikī Jurisprudence 

As we previously said, Imam Mālik was in Madinah. The significance of Madinah is that it is the city in which the Diin was first established, and Imam Mālik never left the city. He received his knowledge by direct transmission from hundreds of scholars, who themselves had received an unbroken and direct line of transmission from the Prophet صلّى الله عليه وسلّم‮.‬. In addition, the people of Madinah practiced the ʿamal, which was a prophetic behavior that was part of their the normal daily life.

As a result, Imam Mālik recognized that what was normal daily life in Madinah was also the most correct way of life for the entire Ummah. He therefore placed upon himself the duty of recording and codifying this Madani way life, so that it would be a model for the entire Ummah.

To Imam Malik, the ʿamal ahlu-l-Madinah was an accurate representation of what had been passed down from the Sunnah of the Prophet صلّى الله عليه وسلّم; passed down from father to son by way of the first three outstanding generations whom the Prophet صلّى الله عليه وسلّم held in high esteem. As Rabīʿah said  “A thousand from a thousand”, that is to say, thousands of great-grandfathers passed the ʿamal to  thousands of sons, who in turned passed it on to a thousand of grandsons, up until the time of Imam Mālik.

In Madinah, during the time of the Imam Mālik, a man could be called upon to report about or demonstrate behavior that had come directly to them from the time when The Prophet صلّى الله عليه وسلّم and the first three generations were alive in the city. This was the main thing that attracted so many of Imam Mālik’s student to come and study with him. It was Imam Mālik’s proximity to the source of the Sunnah that these students found most attractive.

No other city had such proximity to the Sunnah. After all, wasn’t Madinah the city to which The Prophet صلّى الله عليه وسلّم emigrated and established the Sunnah? Wasn’t it where he returned to live out the rest of his life after the conquest of Mecca and in turn was also buried there? No other city in the Ummah had such proximity to the legacy of the Prophet Muhammad صلّى الله عليه وسلّم as did Madinah al Munawwarah.

The students of Imam Mālik came from Egypt, North Africa, Spain, and Iraq.  Because of the the high regard throughout the Ummah for Imam Mālik’s scholarship, he drew  large numbers of students from these places, who in turn became highly respected scholars in those regions from which they came.

Imam Mālik’s book al Muwaṭṭa became a standard read, and as a result, it was widely circulated throughout the Ummah. His students, many of whom who became “little Mālik’s” were prolific writers. They also produced many volumes about Mālikī law. The most famous among these texts of law was the Mudawwanah of ʿAbdus Salaam at-Tanūkhī, more famously known as Ṣahnūn. He was the student of the student of Imam Mālik, Ibn al Qāṣim.

Among the more famous students who sat under the direct tutelage of Imam Mālik, and who aided in the broad spread of Mālikī jurisprudence was the Egyptians: ʿAbdullah ibn Wahb and ʿAbdur Rahmān ibn al-Qāṣim al-ʿUtqī, the Tunisians: Al Bahlul ibn Rashīd, ʿAbdullah Ibn Farrukh, Asad Ibn Al Furat who wrote the first Mudawwanah, and the Andulusian: Yaḥyā ibn Yaḥyā al Layth. These were the scholar’s who themselves produced scholars that spread the Mālikī school far and wide.

How to Perform Wuduu’ for Prayer: A Step by Step Chart for Children and New Muslims

How to Perform Wuduu’ for Prayer: A Step by Step Chart for Children and New Muslims

Keep clicking on the picture in order to enlarge the view:

After you clean your body and your clothes, you should prepare to perform wudū’ by filling a water container (i.e. small bucket or kettle) with clean water that is suitable for performing wudū’, then assume a sitting position, placing the water container in front of you and slightly to the right; then make your intention to perform wudu’, and thereafter say: Bis-mil-laah. Then perform the following sequential acts of wudu’:

1.  Wash your hands up to the wrist three times, then

2. rinse your mouth with water swishing the water in mouth and spitting it out three times, then

3. wash the inside of the noses by inhaling water and then exhaling it three times, then

4. wash the entire face three times, then

5. wash your right hands up to the elbow three times while combing through the fingers of the right hand with the fingers of the left hand, then

6. wash your left hand up to the elbow three times while combing through the fingers of the left hand with the fingers of the right hand , then

7. wipe over the head with wet hands from the front of the head to the nape of the neck and back to the front once (wet the hands for this wiping by putting water on them from the water container and then shaking off any excess water), then

8. wipe the inside of the ears along their folds and creases with wet index fingers and then wipe the outside of the ears with wet thumbs, starting from the bottom of the ears moving towards and ending at the top (wet the fingers for this wiping by putting water on them from the water container and then shaking off any excess water), then

9. wash the right foot to the ankle three times while combing through the toes of the right foot using the fingers of the hand, then

10.  wash the left foot to the ankle while combing through the toes of the left foot using the fingers of the hand  three times,l

Upon completion of wudu’ you should say: Ash-hadu an laa ilaaha illal laahu waḥ-dahu laa shariika lahu wa ash-hadu anna Muḥammadan ʿabduhu wa rasuuluhu. Allahumaj alnii minat-tawaabiina Allahumaj alnii minal muta-ṭah-hi-riina.

Translation:

I bear witness that there is no god but Allah Who is Alone without any partner for Him, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and messenger. Oh Allah! place me among those who repent and place me among those who purify themselves.

AlMaliki22’s Channel – YouTube

AlMaliki22’s Channel – YouTube.

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